Friday, March 24, 2006

tourist spots in nellore

NELLORE TOWN: Nellore is the headquarters of the district, situated on the National Highway Road No.5. It is having all the facilities like transportation, guest houses, Educational institutions and Religious centres. Sri Talpagiri Ranganathanswamy Temple is the most frequented one by the tourists. It stands just on the southern bank of the river pennar. Sri Venugopalaswamy Temple and Siva Temple in mulapet area, Iragalamma temple on the bank of the Nellore Tank, Bara-Shai-Dargah is important pilgrim centres. New parks are developed at Chintareddypalem Donka and on the bank of Survepalli Canal by the side Donka of Bypass Road of the Nellore Town.

KASUMURU: Kasumuru is situated at a distance of 8 Kms from Venkatachalam Railway station and 24 Kms from Nellore. This village is famous for the Urs of Shaik Mastan vali. Large number of devotees congregate at the Dargah on the occasion of Urs irrespective or caste of creed or religion.

JONNAWADA:It is situated on the bank of river pennaar at a distance of 15 Kms from nellore. It is famous for Sri Mallikarjuna swamy and Kamaskhi Tai temple, which was established in the year 1150. On every Friday and during the Brahma Utsavas large number devotees particulary women will throng into the temple to pray the Goddess and take the holy dip in the river pennar.

NARASIMHAKONDA: It is situated at 18 Kms from nellore and nearby Jonnawada. It is a small hill place where Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy temple is situated. A large number of devotees attend Brahmostavas and piligrams visit temple daily.

A S PET: Anumasamudrampet is famous for its Dargah and Mosque built by Khaja Rahmatulla Saheb. The Urs of Hazarat Khaja Nawab Rasool is celebrated here annually during September and attended by Muslims all over the country.

NELAPATTU: Nelapattu village is situated in the D.V.Satram Mandal at distance of 2 Kms. From N.H.5. It is famous for Bird Sanctuary. The Big Tank of Nelapattu situated in an extent of 204 Acs. It is the residence for Migrate Birds coming from Siberian countries. About 20 varieties of Birds such as Pellicons, Flamingo, Storcks comes to this place in the month of October to March every year. One environmental education center is available in the Sanctuary playing Audi visual slides on the birds. Posters and greeting Cards of Birds are sold here. Watch towers are also available to watch the birds. The Binaculars are provided by Wild Life Department for close watch of birds.

PULICAT LAKE: The Pulicat Lake is in 69 Sq.Kms. and it is famous for bird rearing. It is 100 Kms away from Nellore and near by Sullurpet. Thousands of birds come in the winter from various countries stays there and lays eggs. After rearing the chicks are left over there itself and the birds flies away. Bheemulavaripalem a village by the side of Pulicat Lake is the site for visitors and it is proposed to built cottages and develop it into tourist resort.

PENCHALAKONA: It is about 8 Kms. From Gonupalli. It is famous for the temple of Penusila Narasimhaswamy. The annual festival of the deity celebrated during the April-May attracts large number of devotees.

MYPADU: It is at a distance of 22 Kms from Nellore town. It is a village on the Coastal line. It is having transport facilities. It is famous as a summer resort. There are guest house also.

SOMASILA : There is Somasila Anicut on Pennar River between Velikonda Hills. There is famous Sivalayam here.

SHAR: It is in Sullurpet Mandal,Sriharikota, Sriharikota Rocket Launching station is Internationally famous.

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PLACE OF TOURIST IMPORTANCE

1. Nellore Town:

a. Ranganadha Swamy Temple

b. Thikkana Park

c. Penna Anicut – Boat Shire

d. Barashahi Dargah

e. Venugopalaswamy Temple

f. Rajarajeswary Temple

g. Ayyappa Temple

h. Childrens’s Park

i. Swarnala Cheruvu

j. Irukulalamma Temple

2. Jonnawada

3. Narasimhakonda

4. Prabhagiripatnam

5. Sangam

6. Duvvuru

7. Kakutur – Jain temple

8. Kasumuru

9. Golagamudi

10. Krishnapatnam Temples

Krishnapatnam Port – Light house

11. Mypadu

12. Gandavaram

13. Ramatheertham

14. A.S.Peta

15. Udayagiri

Udayagiri Durgham

16. Bhyravakona

17. Thupilipalem

18. Mallam

19. Pantrangam

20. Naidupet

21. Nelapattu

22. Sullurpet

23. Sriharikota

24. Bheemulavaripalem

25. Vedurupattu

26. Mannarpoluru

27. Somasila

28. Penchalakona

29. Devudu Velampalli

30. Sydapuram – Siddaleswara Swamy Temple

31. Kandaleru Dam

32. Koduru beach

33. Sthambala Kona – Vembuluru

34. Tada warf

35. Toomb – near Tada – Darga

36. Siddeswara Swamy Temple near Seetharamapuram

37. Atakanitippa –Wild life Museum

38. Venkatagiri – Raja’s Building ( Mahals)

39. Kanigiri Reservoir

40. Anjalapuram Island ( Near Duggarajapatnam)

mandals in nellore

Nellore district is divided into following mandals : Allur Ananthasagaram Anumasamudrampeta Atmakur Balayapalle Bhogolu Buchireddipalem Chejerla Chillakur Chittamur Dagadarthi Dakkili Doravarisatram Duttaluru Gudur Indukurpet Jaladanki Kaligiri Kaluvoya Kavali Kodavalur Kondapuram Kota Kovur Manubolu Marripadu Muthukur Naidupeta Nellore Ojili Pellakur Podlakur Rapur Seetharamapuram Sangam Somasila Sullurpeta Sydapuram Tada Thotapalligudur Udayagiri Vakadu Varikuntapadu Venkatachalam Vinjamur Venkatagiri Vidavalur

geographical view of nellore

Nellore District, the Southern most Coastal District of Andhra Pradesh lies between 13-30’ and 15-6’ of the Northern latitude and 70-5’ and 80-15’ of the Eastern Longitude and extending over an area of 13076 Sq.Kms, accounting for 4.75% of the total area of the state. It is bounded on the north by Prakasam District on the East by Bay of Bengal on the South by Chittoor District and Chengalpattu District of Tamilanadu and on the West by Veligonda Hills which separate it from Kadapa District.

Administratively the District is divided into 46 Mandals, covering three Revenue Divisions with Head Quarters at Nellore, Gudur and Kavali. There are three Municipalities namely Nellore, Gudur and Kavali and in addition there are two Census Towns i.e. Kovurpalli, Venkatagiri.

nellore demographics

DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS :
As per 2001 census the total population of the District is 26.68 lakhs out of which male population is 13.45 lakhs and female population is 13.23 lakhs. The rural population is 20.69 lakhs and Urban population is 5.99 lakhs. The population of females per 1000 males is 984.

LITERACY :
The total literacy population in the District is 15.23 lakhs covering 65.08% of the total population in the District. Out of which male literates is 8.67 lakhs covering 73.67% and female literates is 6.56 lakhs covering 56.38%.

RAIN FALL :
The Normal Rainfall of the District is 1080 mm. During the year 2003-04 the actual Rainfall received was 994.4 mm.

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LAND USE :
The total Geographical area of the District is 13.16 lakh Hectares. Of this 41.3% alone is erable and 18.7% is forest area. The rest is distributed among Barren and Uncultivable Land (13.8%) and Land put into Non Agricultural uses (16.5%) out of the erable area. The net area sown forms 23.8% while cultivable waste and fallow (current and old) lands Constitute 11%.
AGRICULTURE :
Agriculture is the main stay of the people of the District. Total cropped area in the District is 3.07 lakh hectares during the year 2003-04. Out of which Paddy area is 1.55 lakh hectares, Sugarcane is 0.11 lakh hectares, Groundnut is 0.14 lakh hectares, Cotton is 0.10 lakh hectares, Blackgram is 0.47 lakh hectares, Tobacco is 0.10 lakh hectares and 0.76 lakh hectares have been covered with other crops.

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LAND HOLDINGS (TOTAL - 3,90,609 ) :

A. Marginal Farmers ( < 1 Hect.) 2,55,569
B. Small Farmers ( 1-2 Hect.) 80,901
C. Medium Farmers ( 2-10 Hect.) 52,345
D. Large Farmers ( >10 Hect.) 1,044
Total
3,90,609



SOURCE OF IRRIGATION :
During the year 2003-04 the total Irrigated area in the District is 2.29 lakh hectares of which 0.64 lakh hectares under canals, 0.53 lakh hectares under 1846 tanks, 0.42 lakh hectares under 34,475 dugwells and 0.65 lakh hectares under 47,432 tubewells and 0.01 lakh hectares are covered with other sources in the District. Area irrigated under Somasila Project is 1,88,050 acres.

FISHERIES :
The District has a coastal line of 169 Kms covering 12 mandals. There are 93 coastal fishermen habitations having 82500 population out of which 16300 are active fishermen. The estimated marine landings in the District, are 54941 mts. There is a Pulicat Lake which is the 2nd biggest Brackish Water Lake in the country with an area of 468 Sq.Kms. The lake accounts for annual production of 6500 Mts. of Fishey wealth providing livelihood to 11000 Fishermen covering 20 Kuppams around the lake.

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY:
The total Live Stock population in the District is 14.86 lakhs as per 1999 Live Stock Census, of which 2.66 lakhs are cattle, 6.30 lakhs are buffaloes and 5.81 lakhs of sheep and goat. The poutry population in the District is 16.55 lakhs. There are 204 Veternary institutions, out of them one is exclusively functioning with articificial insemination facility. Five Milk Chilling Centres are functing in the District. There are 1025 Milk collection centres for collecting 21.59 lakh Litres per month.

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INDUSTRIES :

A. RICE MILLS:
660 Rice mills are working out of which 256 are trading with Installed capacity 935160 M.Ts and 404 are non trading with installed capacity 673969 M.Ts.

B. LARGE & MEDIUM SCALE INDUSTRIES :
35 large and Medium scale Industries are working in the District with an investment of Rs.758.11 Crores and 7298 workers are employed.

C. SMALL SCALE INDISTRIES :
20978 Small Scale Industries are working with capital Investment Rs.261.09 Crores and 94541 workers are working in these Industries

D. FACTORIES:
1184 Factories are functioning in the District under Factories act 1948 and 18170 workers are employed.

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MINERALS:
The District is endowed with variety of major and minor Minerals. They are Mica, Silica etc.,

COMMUNICATION:
The District has a road length of 5016 Kms out of which 14 Kms was cement concrete, 2361 Kms was black tap, 1440 Kms was metaled 1201 Kms was un metaled. The National Highway, Chennai to Kolkatta passes through the District more or less parallel to the Broad Guage Railway line, Chennai to Howrah.

EDUCATION :
There are 3056 Primary Schools with 1.71 lakhs enrolment, 540 Upper primary Schools with 0.68 lakhs enrolment, 424 High Schools with 1.13 lakhs enrolment.

MEDICAL AND HEALTH:
59 Primary Health Centres, 18 Hospitals and 47 Dispensaries are providing medical and health services in the District with 1371 Bed Strength and 266 Doctors are working.

nellore history

NELLORE District situated in the South Eastern portion of th state with a coastel length of 163 KM bounded by Bay of Bengal on the East. The district was known as VIKRAMA SIMHAPURI until 13th Century and later it came to be referred to as Nellore.
Historically the district was under the rule of mouryas, sathavahanas, pallavas, cholas, telugcholas, kakatias, pandyans etc. The great Telugu poet Tikkana Somayaji translated 15 parvas of Sanskrit Mahabharata into Telugu in Nellore.

The city derives its name from the Tamil, “nelli” which means rice, as paddy cultivation is the predominant occupation in this region. Nellore has a long history that streches back to the 6th century A.D. Once ruled by the Pallava and Chola dynastics, Golconda vassals, Nawabs of Arcot and the Vijayanagara kings, Nellore, which was in the erstwhile Madras State, became a part of Andhra Pradesh in 1956.

The district broadly 2 natural divisions from North to South. The eastern Half of the District adjoins coastal belt is fairly fertile and the western half of the district has low elevation towards west with large track of low shrub jungles diversified with rocky will stony plains.

The Pennar and Swarnamukhi are the principal rivers, besides the streams like Kandaleru and Boggeru.
Satish Dhawan Space Research Centre (SHAR) near Sullurpet has the worldwide significance of Scientific importance.

Nelapattu is a beautiful Bird sanctuary where Pelicans, Flamingo, Strocks and other 20 variety of birds comes from other countries and stays from October to February, March every year.

Pulicat lake is an important sight seeing place extended to about 12 Kms where storck and other birds from various countries comes in November, lays eggs, leaves the chicks there and left the place.

Beach resorts like Mypadu, Tupilipalem, Krishnapatna port, Somasila Dam and Kandaleru Dam is beautiful holidays resort.

Sri Ranganayukula Swamy temple at Nellore, Sri Narasimha Swamy at Penchalakona, Kamakshi Temple at Jonnawada, Narasimha Swamy temple at Narasimhakonda, Kasumuru and AS Pet darghas area religious importance.

Udayagiri Fort and Bhairavakona are historical places of importance.

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