The following industries are located in Nellore District
- SHAR (Sriharikota High Altitude Range) located in Sriharikota, Nellore District.
- Kovur Thermal Power Plant
- Nellore Nippo Batteries factory
- Aqua and fisheries throughout the district
- Mica Mines in Gudur and Sydapuram mandals
- Apache Foot Wear India Ltd. in Tada Nellore District.
- Krishnapatnam Thermal Station
- Krishnapatnam Port